Background Self-medication is the act of obtaining and using medications without a doctor's prescription, guidance, or supervision of therapy. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and contributing factors of self-medication in Basra population. Method: People in Basra, southern Iraq, participated in this population-based cross-sectional survey from November to March 2021. A web-based structured questionnaire was used to collect both qualitative and quantitative data for the study. Results: A total of 500 male and female Basra residents between the ages of 12 and 80 participated in completing out the questionnaire. There were 24.40% females among them and 75.60% males. Only who administered self-prescribed drugs in the last two months were included. The majority of drugs used for self-medication were bought from pharmacies or drug stores; also, analgesics and antipyretics were the most frequently utilized medications. Headache was the most often reported disorder (74.9%), followed by fever and the common cold (51.90%). The two most prevalent stated causes of self-medication were prior experience and the illness's lack of seriousness.. Conclusions Drugs ranging from typical painkillers to antibiotics were used for self-medication. Even though using self-medication is a necessity; population needs to be educated by drug authorities and health professionals about the advantages and disadvantages of self-medication.


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