Trichomoniasis is a parasitic disease that infects the genitourinary system in humans and is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis. This disease has a high classification among non-viral sexually transmitted diseases in the world comprising Iraq. The Data in the present review about prevalence of T. vaginalis in Iraq were collected using databases such as (Iraqi Academic scientific Journals, Google scholar, Medline and pubMed) based on the recent studies. The current review exhibited that the highest infection rate by this parasite in females was 75.22%, 62% in Maysan and Tikrit provinces respectively, and the lowest infection rate was 1.6% and 1.66% in Basrah and Sulaimania province, while the infection rate is ranged between 2.3 - 63.8% in males of Basrah province. The incidence of T. vaginalis is affected by diagnostic methods and some demographic variables such as gender, residence, educational, economic level, occupation and pregnancy. The prevention strategy for T. vaginalis includes maintaining personal hygiene, treating both partners, not just the infected, abstaining from sexual contact during the treatment period and using condoms.


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